Cioppino

CioppinoSo aside from the Golden Gate Bridge and the Cable Cars, San Francisco is known for quite a few food items. Top on my list (’cause it has it’s own jingle) is Rice-a-Roni a.k.a. the San Francisco Treat! Well, I can’t give you a recipe for something that comes in a box can I? Well, I mean I could, but it’s just so much easier to get a box of the stuff (or the kosher equivalent). So what else is SF famous for food wise? Cioppino and Sourdough Bread!

For the Sourdough, you need a starter or “mother” to start the dough from. You can make one yourself (though this takes some time and care) or buy some from a bakery store or online. Again, yeah, not much of a recipe for this blog. But Cioppino? Now we’re talking! Cioppino is a fish stew that originated in San Francisco in the 1800’s. It was developed by Italian immigrant fishermen, who after taking their catch to market, would put together a stew of whatever was left over that wound up to be this wonderful dish. Normally, Cioppino is chock full of shellfish, but this being a kosher recipe, there won’t be any in this dish. This recipe will make a huge pot of the soup/stew, as it is definitely a one-dish meal. I suggest buying some crusty sourdough to serve with it!

Ingredients

⅓ cup olive oil
6 cloves garlic
4 ribs celery, peeled
1 red pepper
1 green pepper
1 large onion, quartered
2 (2 oz.) can anchovies, drained and rinsed
1 fennel bulb, quartered, centres removed, sliced thin*
3 leeks, white/pale green parts only, sliced thin*
1 (796ml) can crushed tomatoes
2 cups dry white wine
6 cups water
4-6 bay leaves
2 good pinches saffron
2 tablespoons paprika
¼ cup tomato paste
1 tablespoon anise/fennel seeds
Good pinch red pepper flakes (optional)
4 sprigs fresh thyme*
½ pound halibut, skinned and boned, cut into 1 ½ in pieces
½ pound salmon, skinned and boned, cut into 1 ½ in pieces
½ pound snapper, skinned and boned, cut into 1 ½ in pieces
½ pound sea bass or cod, skinned and boned, cut into 1 ½ in pieces
½ pound flaked mock crab
1 large bunch flat parsley, minced*
Salt and pepper to taste

* Click here to learn how to clean these vegetables and herbs.

Directions:

In a food processor, pulse together the garlic, celery, red pepper, green pepper and onion so that it makes a coarse purée.

In a large soup pot, heat the olive oil on a medium high heat. Once hot, add the rinsed anchovies and sauté so that they start to break up. Add the pureed vegetable mix to the hot oil, along with the sliced leeks and fennel. Sauté until the leeks and fennel become translucent.

Deglaze the pot with the white wine, and then add the crushed tomatoes, water, bay leaves, saffron, paprika, tomato paste, anise/fennel seeds, red pepper flakes and thyme. Reduce to heat to medium, and allow the soup to cook covered for about 30 minutes.

Once the soup has come together, add the fish and about half of the parsley. Cover and let cook for about 10 minutes, until the fish has cooked through and become opaque. Taste for salt and pepper, and then ladle the soup into bowls, topping with the remaining parsley and served with some fresh crusty sourdough bread.

Grilled Three-Fish Kebobs with Parsley and Garlic Butter

Lemon Fish KabobsSo even though it’s not yet officially summer (not until the 21st people!), it’s still pretty hot out there, so why not go outside and grill up this fish dish? These kebobs cook up fast on a grill, but can be made on a grill pan or in the oven if you are barbecue-less. The flavoured butter in this recipe is served up along side the dish after it has finished grilling, but can also be used to baste the fish while it grills. This butter is also AMAZING on steamed asparagus, broccoli or cauliflower. Truth be told, it’s good on anything! This dish will serve around six people, and is great served up with rice, couscous or pasta.

Ingredients:

Kebobs:
1 ¼ pounds centre-cut, skinless salmon steak, cut into ½ inch cubes (about 30 pieces)
1 ¼ pounds centre-cut, skinless halibut steak, cut into ½ inch cubes (about 30 pieces)
1 ¼ pounds skinless tuna steak, cut into ½ inch cubes (about 30 pieces)
¾ cup extra-virgin olive oil
1 large lemon, zested and juiced
4-5 garlic cloves, minced
1 ½ cups chopped fresh flat-leaf parsley*
4 ½ tablespoons coarsely chopped fresh thyme leaves*
1 ½ teaspoon kosher salt, plus extra for seasoning
¾ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper, plus extra for seasoning
2 lemons, thinly sliced (about 30 slices)

Butter:
1 ½ stick unsalted butter, at room temperature
6 cloves garlic, minced
3 tablespoons chopped fresh flat-leaf parsley*
Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
Special equipment: 15-30 (8 or 10-inch) skewers**

* Click here to learn about cleaning herbs.
**If using wooden skewers, soak them in water for 30 minutes prior to grilling to prevent them from burning. If you want extra stability while grilling your kebobs, then use two per kebob. This will stop the fish from spinning around the skewer as you grill it.

Directions:

Kebobs: Put the salmon, halibut and tuna in a resealable plastic bag. In a medium bowl whisk together the olive oil, lemon zest, lemon juice, garlic, parsley, thyme, salt, and pepper. Pour the oil mixture over the fish and seal the bag. Refrigerate for 30 minutes. Thread each skewer with 2 pieces of salmon, 2 pieces of halibut and 2 pieces of tuna, alternating the fish on the skewers with slices of lemon.

Butter: In a small bowl, mix together the butter, garlic and parsley. Season with salt and pepper, to taste. Transfer the butter to the centre of a 6 inch square piece of plastic wrap. Fold the plastic over the butter and form it into a log, about 4 inches long and 1 ½ inches in diameter. Refrigerate until firm, about for 1 hour. Slice the butter into ¼ to ½ inch thick slices and transfer them to a plate.

Put a grill pan over medium-high heat or preheat a gas or charcoal grill. Season the fish with salt and pepper, to taste, and grill the skewers until opaque, about 3 to 4 minutes on each side. Arrange the skewers on a platter and serve the butter alongside.

Poached Cod with Tomatoes and White Beans

Poached CodConsidering the amount of rain we’ve received here in Toronto lately, I thought it would be appropriate to serve up some fish dishes this week, in honour of the creatures that we will soon all turn into! Today’s dish, is one of those that looks elegant and fancy, but can be made any weeknight in a hurry. The simple act of poaching the fish in the sauce makes for a flavourful, moist dish that you won’t have to worry about overcooking. Worst case scenario? You leave the fish poaching too long, and it breaks up… and you have fish stew instead! See, it’s all good! I hope you enjoy this cod dish. It will serve 6.

Ingredients:

2-3 tablespoons olive oil
3 garlic cloves, sliced thinly
1 ½ medium onions, chopped
1 ½ red bell peppers, chopped
2 medium yellow squashes, chopped
6 large ripe tomatoes, cut into bite sized pieces
generous pinch of saffron threads
½ cup dry white wine*
¼ cup water
1 ½ (540ml) cans butter, cannellini or white beans, drained and rinsed
6 (6-ounce) pieces boneless, skinless cod (you can substitute with halibut, haddock or tilapia)
salt and pepper, to taste
parsley, chopped (for garnish)**

* If you don’t want to use wine, you can substitute with an equal measure of water with a little powdered consume added for flavour.
** Click here to learn about cleaning parsley.

Directions:

Place the wine, water and saffron threads in a small saucepan and let steep over a medium-low heat while you work on the rest of the dish.

In a large skillet or pan with a lid, heat the olive oil over medium-high. Add the garlic and onions, and sauté until they become slightly translucent and fragrant. Do not brown. Add the bell peppers, squash and tomatoes, along with about ¾ teaspoon salt and ¼ teaspoon pepper. Cook until the tomatoes have broken down, and the sauce has thickened, about 10-12 minutes.

Once the tomatoes have broken down, add the wine mixture to the pan, along with the drained and rinsed beans. Stir to combine. Season the fish on both sides with salt and pepper, and then gently place them on top of the liquid/vegetable mixture. Cover and simmer until the cod is opaque throughout, about 7-9 minutes.

To serve, ladle some of the vegetable/bean sauce into the bottom of a bowl, or deep dish, and then top with the fish, along with some more of the sauce. Garnish with fresh parsley, and serve with crusty bread.

White Fish Étouffée

fish etouffeeSo here is another classic Cajun dish called Étouffée. Most commonly prepared with shellfish like crawfish or shrimp, it was back in the 1950s that crawfish etouffée was introduced to restaurant goers in Breaux Bridge, Louisiana, however the date of invention of this dish has been shown as early as the late 1920s. Originally crawfish étouffée was a popular dish mainly just in the bayous and backwaters of Louisiana amongst Cajuns in the area, but in the early 80’s a popular Bourbon Street restaurant called Galatoire’s brought the crawfish étouffée dish into the limelight. Even amongst the French Creoles this Cajun dish was a hit. Our recipe uses firm white fish, rather than shellfish, but is just as good! This recipe will serve 6.

Ingredients:

4 tablespoons vegetable oil
1 ½ tablespoons flour
2 cloves garlic, minced
2 bunches green onion, sliced*
1 large onion, diced
1 green bell pepper, diced
3 stalks celery, sliced
1 pound firm, white fish, cut into large chunks (like Cod, Halibut or Flounder)
1 teaspoon tomato paste
½ teaspoon Worcestershire sauce
½ teaspoon hot sauce
1 teaspoon ground cumin
2 teaspoons Cajun seasoning
1 ⅔ cups vegetable or vegetarian chicken broth
Salt and pepper to taste
rice to serve

* Click here to find out how to clean green onions.

Directions:

Heat oil in a large skillet over medium high heat, stir in the flour until dissolved, and keep stirring until it turns a rich reddish-brown colour. Add the garlic, onion, green onions, green pepper and celery. Sauté until the vegetables become transparent, about 5-10 minutes. Mix in the tomato paste, Worcestershire sauce, hot sauce, cumin and Cajun seasoning. Once combined, add the chunks of fish, being careful not to break up the fish too much. Cook for an additional 10 minutes. Add the broth into the vegetable-fish mixture, taste for salt and pepper, and then let simmer until thickened, about 35 minutes. Serve over rice.

Moroccan Fish

Moroccan FishThis is another alternative to regular gefilte fish, and will work well for people that don’t keep gebrokts (those that don’t mix matzo with liquids), as there is no matzo meal used in this recipe. If you’re not crazy about cilantro (like me) you can use parsley instead and you can cut down on the amount of chili peppers as well if you’re not into the heat. This recipe will serve 8.

Ingredients:

8 boneless fish fillets (best if you use a firm, dense fish like halibut or snapper)
2 bunches fresh cilantro/parsley, cut into large pieces*
2 red bell peppers, seeded and cut into long thin strips
10 large garlic cloves, coarsely chopped
4-6 large dried red chili peppers (or less depending on preference)
½ teaspoon turmeric
3 cups water
⅔ cup extra virgin olive oil
2 heaping tablespoons paprika
Salt and pepper to taste

* Click here to check how to clean cilantro and parsley.

Directions:

For this recipe, you will need a sauté pan, it’s like a wide, deep skillet with higher sides. Before you start cooking, reserve a few pieces of the cilantro/parsley for garnish. Place cilantro/parsley, bell pepper slices, garlic and chili peppers in the bottom of the pan to create a “bed” for the fish. Place fish fillets on top of the other ingredients. Season fillets generously with salt and pepper, then sprinkle turmeric evenly across fillets. Add the water to the pan. Cover pan, turn flame on high, and bring to a boil. As soon as the water boils, reduce heat to medium and uncover the pan. Mixture should be simmering lightly at this point. Allow mixture to simmer uncovered for 10-15 minutes, basting fillets periodically, until the water reduces by half and turns yellow.

In a small bowl, mix together olive oil and paprika with a fork. Pour red oil mixture over the fish fillets, coating them evenly. Let the fish simmer uncovered for 20 minutes more, basting frequently. Fish is done when liquid is reduced to about a quarter of what it was originally, and the fish has turned a rich red colour.

Serve the warm fish and bell peppers, drizzled with some of the sauce and garnish with the remaining fresh cilantro/parsley leaves.

Mexican Ceviche

CevicheIngredients:

1 ½ lb halibut, sea bass or red snapper fillets (or use a mixture of fish)
7-9 limes (enough juice to cover fish)
1 ½ fresh tomatoes, diced
1 ½ green bell peppers, diced
½ cup plus 3 tablespoons fresh parsley or cilantro, chopped*
⅓ teaspoon salt
⅓ teaspoon pepper
¾ teaspoon fresh oregano*
2 jalapeno peppers, chopped (less or more to suit your taste)
3 tablespoons white vinegar
1 ½ medium onions, finely chopped
2 dashes Tabasco sauce (to taste)
lettuce leaves (to line serving bowls)*
1 avocado, chopped (optional)

Directions:

Dice the fish into an approximately ½-inch dice. Marinate fish in the lime juice in the fridge overnight (this step cooks the fish). I would suggest marinating the fish in a large gallon sized freezer bag, as it makes clean up a cinch, and you can shake the bag up often to make sure the fish is evenly “cooking”. The next day, pour off most of the lime juice, leaving just enough to keep the fish moist.

A few hours before serving, mix together the tomatoes, green peppers, ½ cup of the chopped parsley/cilantro,  jalapeno peppers and onions in a large bowl. In a small bowl, mix together the salt, pepper, oregano, vinegar and Tabasco sauce. Add the fish to the large bowl, and gently mix together, making sure not to break up the fish pieces. Pour the dressing on top of the mixture and toss, gently, to coat. Keep refrigerated until ready to serve.

About 15 minutes before you are ready to serve, remove the ceviche from the refrigerator so that it is not ice cold. Arrange the lettuce leaves in individual serving plates with a serving of the ceviche. Garnish with sliced avocado and remaining parsley/cilantro.

* Click here to learn how to properly check these ingredients.

Mexican Ceviche

CevicheIngredients:

1 ½ lb halibut, sea bass or red snapper fillets (or use a mixture of fish)
7-9 limes (enough juice to cover fish)
1 ½ fresh tomatoes, diced
1 ½ green bell peppers, diced
½ cup plus 3 tablespoons fresh parsley or cilantro, chopped*
⅓ teaspoon salt
⅓ teaspoon pepper
¾ teaspoon fresh oregano*
2 jalapeno peppers, chopped (less or more to suit your taste)
3 tablespoons white vinegar
1 ½ medium onions, finely chopped
2 dashes Tabasco sauce (to taste)
lettuce leaves (to line serving bowls)*
1 avocado, chopped (optional)

Directions:

Dice the fish into an approximately ½-inch dice. Marinate fish in the lime juice in the fridge overnight (this step cooks the fish). I would suggest marinating the fish in a large gallon sized freezer bag, as it makes clean up a cinch, and you can shake the bag up often to make sure the fish is evenly “cooking”. The next day, pour off most of the lime juice, leaving just enough to keep the fish moist.

A few hours before serving, mix together the tomatoes, green peppers, ½ cup of the chopped parsley/cilantro,  jalapeno peppers and onions in a large bowl. In a small bowl, mix together the salt, pepper, oregano, vinegar and Tabasco sauce. Add the fish to the large bowl, and gently mix together, making sure not to break up the fish pieces. Pour the dressing on top of the mixture and toss, gently, to coat. Keep refrigerated until ready to serve.

About 15 minutes before you are ready to serve, remove the ceviche from the refrigerator so that it is not ice cold. Arrange the lettuce leaves in individual serving plates with a serving of the ceviche. Garnish with sliced avocado and remaining parsley/cilantro.

* Click here to learn how to properly check these ingredients.

New England Fish Chowder

Fish Chowder

This is a rendition of Leah Adler’s delicious fish chowder served at The Milky Way. The key is use lots and lots of white pepper.

Ingredients:

1 ½ cups onions, diced
½ cup celery, diced
1 cup corn, canned or frozen
4 tablespoons butter
4 cups potatoes, diced
Salt and white pepper, to taste
4 cups boiling water or vegetable stock
2 pounds fresh halibut, or other firm fish, cut into large chunks
4 cups whole milk
1 ½ tablespoons cornstarch

Directions:

Sauté onions and celery in butter until soft, but not brown. Add potatoes, corn, seasonings and water/broth, simmering until the potatoes are tender. Add the fish to the soup. Cook another 5 – 10 minutes. Do not stir (you’ll break up the fish). Add the milk and bring back up to temperature. Do not boil. If the consistency of the soup is too thin for your liking, you can add the cornstarch, to thicken it. First temper the starch in a small bowl with some of the hot liquid from the soup. Stir until the starch has dissolved and then add this to the main soup pot. This will thicken the broth. Serve this with some crusty buttered bread and it’s a meal in itself. Makes 8 to 12 servings.